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FETUS AND FERTILITY IN JEWISH LAW

Essays and Responsa

1996 - ISBN 0-929699-07-6

Contents

"BE FRUITFUL AND MULTIPLY" - Walter Jacob .....................................................................................1

ARTIFICIAL FERTILIZATION AND PROCREATIVE AUTONOMY - David Ellenson ..........................19

ABORTION AND THE HALAKHIC CONVERSATION - Mark Washofsky ..........................................39

DEVELOPING HALAKHIC ATTITUDES TO SEX PRESELECTION - Daniel Schiff .............................91

THE USE OF ANIMALS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH - Judith Z. and Steven A. Abram .........................119

THE PATERNITY OF AN INFERTILE MALE - Moshe Zemer ...............................................................131

SELECTED REFORM RESPONSA

Artificial Insemination ...................................................................................................................................145

Artificial Insemination ...................................................................................................................................147

Fertility Pill ..................................................................................................................................................153

Test Tube Baby ..........................................................................................................................................159

In Vitro Fertilization with Cousin's Ova........................................................................................................161

Rabbinic Ban on Sperm Donations .............................................................................................................163

Surrogate Mother ......................................................................................................................................165

Predetermination of Sex ............................................................................................................................169

Birth Control ............................................................................................................................................173

Abortion ..................................................................................................................................................191

When is Abortion Permitted .....................................................................................................................195

The Abortion of an Anencephalic Fetus ...................................................................................................201

Abortion and Life Fetus Study ................................................................................................................203

Caesarian on a Dead Mother .................................................................................................................207

Fetus Used for Experimentation .............................................................................................................211

Fetus Kept Alive as a Source for Organs ..............................................................................................213

Burial of Miscarriage, stillborn, and Infants ...........................................................................................215

Hysterectomy ......................................................................................................................................217

Vasectomy ..........................................................................................................................................221

CONTRIBUTORS

Judith Z. Abrams is rabbi of Maqom - A School for Adult Talmud Study, Houston, TX. She has written several books on the Talmud.

Steven A. Abrams taught at the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas and is a member of the Research Faculty at the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center. Member of the Newborn Section of the Department of Pediatrics.

Israel Bettan (1889-1957) was professor of Midrash and Homiletics at the Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio; President of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, Chair of the Responsa Committee. Author of Studies in Jewish Preaching in the Middle Ages (1939), The Five Scrolls (1950).

David Ellenson is President of the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion and I. H. and Anna Grancell Professor of Jewish Religious Thought at the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Los Angeles, California on whose faculty he has been since 1979. He is the author of numerous essays on Jewish thought and has contributed to a multi-volume commentary on the prayer book. His books include Tradition in Transition (1989), Rabbi Esriel Hildesheimer and the Creation of a Modern Jewish Orthodoxy (1990), Between Tradition and Culture: The Dialectics of Modern Jewish Religion and Identity (1994) After Emancipation: Jewish Religious Responses to Modernity (2004), Righteous Indignation: A Jewish Call for Justice (2007).

Solomon B. Freehof (1893-1990) was rabbi of the Rodef Shalom Congregation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; President of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, and the World Union for Progressive Judaism; Chair of the Responsa Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. Author of eight volumes of responsa including Today's Reform Responsa (1990), as well as Reform Jewish Practice (1947, 1952), The Responsa Literature (1955), A Treasury of Responsa (1963) and many other books.

Alexander Guttmann (1904-1993) was professor of Talmud and Rabbinics, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, Ohio. Author of Rabbinic Judaism in the Making (1970), Studies in Rabbinic Judaism (1976), The Struggle over Reform in Rabbinic Literature, (1977) and many essays.

Walter Jacob is President of the Abraham Geiger College in Berlin/Potsdam; Senior Scholar of Rodef Shalom Congregation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; President of the Freehof Institute of Progressive Halakhah and the Associated American Jewish Museums. Author, editor, or translator of thirty-six books including Christianity through Jewish Eyes (1974), American Reform Responsa (1983), The Pittsburgh Platform in Retrospect (1985), Liberal Judaism and Halakhah (1988), The Second Book of the Bible: Exodus Interpreted by Benno Jacob (1992), Die Exegese hat das erste Wort (2002), Pursuing Peace Across the Alleghenies (2005), Hesed and Tzedakah - From the Bible to Modernity (2006); Napoleon’s Influence on Jewish Law (2007), and more than twelve hundred published essays and sermons.  

Jacob Z. Lauterbach (1873-1942) was professor of Talmud and Rabbinics, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio. Chair of the Responsa Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. Editor of Mekhilta deRav Ishmael (1933-49). Contributor to the Jewish Encyclopedia.

Daniel Schiff is rabbi of the Agency for Jewish Learning in Pittsburgh. He is also rabbi of Temple B’nai Israel in White Oak, Pennsylvania. Born in Australia, he was educated at the University of Melbourne and the Hebrew Union College–Jewish Institute of Religion from which he was ordained and received his doctorate. Daniel Schiff is the author of essays on halakhic topics and of Abortion in Judaism (2002), a study that deals with this question across denominational lines.

Mark Washofsky is the Solomon B. Freehof Professor of Jewish Law, Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio. Chair of the Responsa Committee of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. He has published numerous studies in the field of Jewish law and legal theory. He is the editor of Teshuvot for the Nineties (1997), and author of Jewish Living and Practice (2000).

Moshe Zemer is Director of the Freehof Institute of Progressive Halakhah. He is a founder of the Movement for Progressive Judaism in Israel and founding rabbi of the Kedem Synagogue-Bet Daniel, Tel Aviv. He is Av Bet Din of the Israel Council of Progressive Rabbis and Senior Lecturer in Rabbinic at Hebrew Union College, Jerusalem. He has also contributed numerous articles on halakhah in the Israeli press and scientific journals. He is author of The Sane Halakhah (1993).

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